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The palm tree (Elaeis guineensis) is grown for its fruits in twenty countries over the world. The traditional red oil produced from the fruit, is considered the richest aliment in beta-carotene (provitamin A). It contains 15 times more beta-carotene than the carrot. It is also the richest oil in vitamin E, with antioxidant properties. It keeps solid consistency on room temperature and the food industry highly appreciates this property.

 

Ingredient Palme

 

Introduction

Part of the plant harvested: palm nuts | Abstraction process: Pressing, refinement
Family: Arecaceae | Scientific name: Elaeis guineensisCommercial name: Palm Tree
Quality: 100% pure and natural, food quality
Country of origin: Cameroon | Production area: Periphery of Tofala Hill Sanctuary
Harvest period: December - May | Production in 2016: 20 000 L

 

Organoleptic characteristics

Feature: solid or paste oil (pending on temperature) | Colour: light beige to dark yellow
Smell: neutral | Touch : fairly high fat and high energy | Melting point: 35 - 42°C

 

Physical and chemical characteristics

Density: 0,91 | Saponification value: 190-205

 

Fatty acids composition

Essential polyunsaturated fatty acids (E.F.A) or vitamin F: linoleic acid acide (omega-6) (10%)
Mono-unsaturated acids (MUFA): oleic acid (omega-9) (39%)
Saturated fatty acids: palmitic acid (44%), stearic acid (4%)

 

Condition of preservation

Stable vegetable oil. Store in a dry place, protected from hit and light.

 

Properties and use

Nutritious, moisturizing and softening, healing agent, regenerant.
Use: food industry, oleochemical, biodiesel.

 

Ingredient Palme2

 

NGO working in the sector

ERUDEF (Environmental and Rural Development Foundation) is an NGO whose mission is to preserve biodiversity and protect fragile environments via the design and development of activities in the West, Southwest and Northwest areas. It is the first Cameroonian organization that supports the implementation of the mechanism « access and share of advantages earned from the Convention on Biologic Diversity».

It also supports local communities from the area of Lebialem to develop the palm oil sector and helps preserving biodiversity in the Tofala Hills Sanctuary.

 

Added value

Local variety of palm trees is naturally growing in abundance in the Tofala Hills area. However, a large part of the production is not yet valorised, partly due to few adjusted production means. The installation of semi-industrial mechanical presses together with the support to enhance this sector around the periphery of the Tofoala Wildlife Sancturay has led to increase the income of the local communities living close to this protected area while encouraging them to protect the resources.

 

Man and Nature cannot be hold responsible for any misuse of the information contained in these pages. These factsheets cannot be considered as a therapeutic or medical prescription and cannot in any way replace a consultation with a health professional.

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