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National Park 
of the Saloum delta

Moringa, Nutsedge, 
Santang, Baobab
Straw charcoal

Nebeday AFD
Erol Foundation


Located along the National Park of the Saloum Delta, the site includes three classified forests (Sangako, Djilor and Keur Sambel) and community forests (Nema Bah), totaling nearly 7,000 hectares. These forest areas are still home to unique flora and fauna that are found nowhere else in West Africa.

In addition to several endangered endemic plant species, they shelter the endangered red colobus (Simia badius), the green monkey (Chlorocebus sabaeus) and the black duiker (Cephalophus Niger).

The proximity of mangrove ecosystems located in the outskirts of the forests also make them a favorite refuge for wildlife and birdlife that are particularly abundant in this area: the Spotted Hyena (Crocuta crocuta), the Warthog (Phacochoerus aethiopicus), the Royal Tern (Thalasseus maximus) are some representative examples.


Major issues

 

As in many developing countries, Senegal's population is still largely dependent on natural resources. Improving one’s living condition is the immediate concern for rural communities where two thirds of the members live below the poverty line, even if doing so would result in environmental degradation.

Slash and burn farming, extensive farming and bush fires are major plagues for these last forest patches. Soil becomes less fertile, erosion increases and desert gradually settles in. Very often, local people are not involved in the management of these lands and the lack of capacity of forest authorities makes it impossible to implement conservation initiatives if no economic alternative is provided on the other hand.  

 

 

The project and the prospects for change

 

The project aims to encourage the development of women’s entrepreneurship with over 1,200 women, working on two existing sub-sectors that will be strengthened and two new sectors that will be developed:

  • Straw charcoal and moringa (Moringa oleifera). Nebeday developed an innovative technique for charcoal production that uses pyrolysis of bush straw. Collection of straw on firebreaks located on the outskirts of the forests reduces the risk of bush fires and produces an alternative fuel that is earning good reputation. At the same time, the moringa trees planted in the firebreaks and the agro-forest areas provide leaves that are collected and dried to produce a powder that is sold and used mainly for malnutrition control.
  • The culture of nutsedge (Cyperus esculentus) will also be explored and agronomic tests will be conducted in view of commercialization to the cosmetics industry. Finally, the project should also confirm whether it is possible to conduct rational and sustainable exploitation of santang bark (Daniella thurifera).

The stated objective is to market, over the project’s duration, no less than 600 tons of straw charcoal and 600 kg of moringa powder. In parallel, international opportunities will be sought for the other two products studied.

 

Committed partners

Nebeday is a Senegalese NGO that promotes participatory management of natural resources by and for the benefit of local communities. Its objective is to help people protect resources and to enhance resources’ value by developing environment-friendly income-generating activities. With the help of Man & Nature, the association has successfully worked on the Sangako classified forest in the Saloum over the last three years. Nebeday supported the formal transfer of forest management to the benefit of 15 surrounding villages (8,000 people), enhanced the value of several non-timber forests products such as straw charcoal, moringa, hibiscus, bouye coffee, honey, etc. and participated in setting up the JappoLiggey cooperative that groups 850 women and provided them with equipments.

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To learn more about this project and its 2016 key achievements, please click on this link.

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