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Moabi is a native tree from dense forests of the West of the Congo basin. It is amongst the highest trees and can measure more than 70m high and 5m circumferences. The almond from the seed gives a toxic butter that becomes edible after treatment. It is highly appreciated from local populations for cosmetics and food. With lot of palmitic, stearic and oleic acids, it contains properties close to shea butter.


Ingredient Moabi



Part of the plant harvested: almond | Abstraction process: first pressing cold
Family: Sapotaceae | Scientific name: Baillonella toxispermaTrade name: moabi
IUCN conservation status: vulnerable
Quality: 100% pure and natural, first cold pressing without chemical processing, cosmetics quality
Country of origin: Cameroon | Production area: Dja Biosphere Reserve
Harvest period: July-August | Production in 2015: 500 kg | Production capacity in 2016: 500-1000 kg


Organoleptic characteristics

Feature: butter is solid at room temperature | Colour: yellow to green yellow
Smell: typical of seeds with almond hint | Melting point: 27°C


Physical and chemical characteristics

Density: 0,9 | Saponification Index: 170-210 | Acid index: < 15 mg KOH/g
Peroxide index: < 10 meqO2/kg


Fatty acids composition

Essential polyunsaturated fatty acids (E.F.A) or vitamin F: linoleic acid (omega-6) (3-9%)
Mono-unsaturated acids (MUFA): oleic acid (omega-9) (47-57%)
Saturated fatty acids: palmitic acid (5-15%), stearic acid (25-35%)


Condition of preservation

Store in a dry place, protected from hit and light.


Properties and use

Moisturising, nourishing, protective, invigorating, healing, regenerating.


Ingredient Moabi2


NGOs working in the sector

TFRD (Tropical Forest and Rural Development) is an NGO that intervenes in northern periphery of the Dja Biosphere Reserve on 30 000 hectares with 24 villages. They reinforce more than 160 farmers including 50 women, to develop certified Rainforest Alliance cacao and to valorise non-timber forest products.

AAFEBEN (Appui à l’autopromotion de la femme de la Boumba et de Ngoko) intervenes in the Easter periphery of Dja Reserve on 10 community forests of 50 000 hectares. It supports 10 women groups totalling 350 women, mostly from the Baka (Pygmy people) and Bantu ethnic groups; and work in harvest and commercialisation of non-timber forest products.


Impact on biodiversity and local communities

Moabi has a major sociocultural, medicinal and economic value for forest communities. It is one of the most appreciated trees on the softwood lumber market. However, its spreading has reduced due to its slow regenerating, a limited processing of its resources and the disappearance of elephants who are the first to disseminate the seeds. Moabi is currently classified as « vulnerable » species on the IUCN red list of endangered species. Rarefaction of the resource has led to several conflicts between local communities and logging companies.

Valorisation of non-timber forest products (NTFP) contributes to increase local population generated income that find an economic interest to protect and manage the tropical forest in the long term. In addition, communities are supported to implant tree nurseries close to housing areas and fields. This eases the harvesting, the renewal of NTFP and limits the impact of harvesting on natural recovery.


Man and Nature cannot be hold responsible for any misuse of the information contained in these pages. These factsheets cannot be considered as a therapeutic or medical prescription and cannot in any way replace a consultation with a health professional.


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